The second largest city in the state of Maharashtra, Pune was the centre of power of the Maratha Empire and is known as the cultural capital of Maharashtra. The name Pune is derived from Sanskrit Punyanagara meaning "City of Virtue". The city is known for various cultural activities like classical music, spirituality, theater, sports, and literature. It is famed for its educational and relative opulence. These activities and job opportunities attract migrants and students from all over India and abroad, which makes for a city of many communities and cultures.
Places to Visit:
Shaniwarwada, originally built as the residence of the Peshwas, was built by Bajirao the First. Several additions were made to the palace like fortification walls with bastions, gates and court halls by his successors. The walls in the palace were painted with scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata. A sixteen petal lotus-shaped fountain stands reminiscent of the exquisite work of those times.
The Sarasbaug Temple
The Sarasbaug temple houses the idol of Shree Siddhivinayak (God who makes wishes true). As being the house of the main god followed by most of the maharastrains and other Indians, on the ground of faith it receives millions of devotees. Various dignitaries and luminaries through out India have made it a point to visit this sacred temple to seek blessings of Shri Siddivinayak.
The Aga Khan Palace
Positioned near the River Mula, the palace is a simple memorial to Gandhi and his life. The palace is a national monument of India's freedom movement which is now developed into national and international place of pilgrimage visited by over a hundred thousand visitors every year. Mahatma Gandhi's wife, Kasturba passed away while in custody at the palace and was cremated here. The palace is surrounded by a sprawling garden. The 1982 film, 'Gandhi' was shot here.
The temples on Parvati hill are the oldest heritage structures in Pune. Being the evocative of peshwas dynasty, it offers an aerial view of the city away from the noise and pollution of the city life. Being the highest point in Pune, the beautiful panoramic view of Pune city leaves visitors spellbound receiving a large number of visitors.
Osho International Meditation Resort
This beautiful campus is situated in the pleasant residential area of Koregaon Park, Pune. This lush contemporary 40-acre meditation resort is a tropical oasis where nature blends seamlessly with modern technology. With its white marble pathways, elegant black buildings, abundant foliage and Olympic-sized swimming pool, it is the perfect setting to take time out for yourself.
Mahatma Phule Wada
The Wada was the residence of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and is as old as 1852. Mahatma Phule used to live here with his wife, and their photographs adorn the museum that the house has become today.
Lonavala & Khandala
These small hill stations offer a romantic atmosphere with small waterfalls, cool climates, radiant valleys and beautiful lakes. Although these locations can be enjoyed all year round, the best time to visit is during the rains. This is when new life is breathed into the natural setting.
Access by Air : Pune is easily accessible by air from all the Indian cities. In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves direct international flights to Dubai and Frankfurt.
Access by Rail : Pune is well connected to other Indian cities by rail. Deccan Queen, Deccan Express, Indrayani, Pragati and Shatabdi are the regular trains that run between Pune and Mumbai everyday. Daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Kanpur, Kolkata, New Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Goa.
Access by Road : Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolhapur, NH 9 to Hyderabad and NH 50 to Nashik. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, has reduced travel time between Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. Buses are scheduled between Mumbai and Pune around the clock at 15 minute intervals. Shared Cabs operate from Pune City Station to Dadar Station in Mumbai.
Pune's climate is generally quite pleasant. Summers are typically hot with maximum temperatures ranging from 35 to 42°C. Pune does not get very hot, even during peak summer the air is cool. The nights in Pune are significantly cooler than most other parts in this region owing to its high altitude. The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 10 to 28 °C (50 to 82 °F). The temperature in winter ranges from 24 - 28°C in day and as low as 5 - 8°C and the climate is generally dry.