India's first planned city and the largest city of Rajasthan, Jaipur is a persona of majesty and liveliness. Established in 1727, Jaipur was built by Jai Singh II and currently presents itself as a versatile tourist destination. Offering splendid fortresses, majestic palaces, tranquil temples and beautiful old mansions, Jaipur is an ideal tourist destination. The city's appeal extends to its markets with hand crafted accessories and jewelry. Jaipur is dubbed the Pink City because it was decorated in pink to welcome Prince Albert and Queen Elizabeth II in 1876.
Places to Visit
A pre-historic Hindu pilgrimage site, the Galtaji Temple, is located just 10km from Jaipur. The temple complex encompasses natural fresh water springs and 7 holy water tanks. Among these, the 'Galta Kund', is the holiest one and is believed to have never dried.
The Birla Temple, originally known as Lakshmi Narayan Temple, is located beneath the Moti Dungri Fort in Jaipur. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, this temple is in contrast to the standard ancient Hindu temples, and is built with modern methods.
The Amer Fort, popularly known as the Amer Palace, is located 11 kilometers from Jaipur. Amer was the capital city before Jaipur. The fort has been built using red sandstone and white marble, with the Maota Lake as its backdrop.
Based in the heart of Jaipur, the City Palace was where the Maharaja held his seat. This palace also includes the famous 'Chandra Mahal' and 'Mubarak Mahal', and other beautiful buildings which form a part of the large palace complex.
Gaitore is a royal cremation ground for the Kachhwaha Rajput kings and the members of the Royal Family. The word 'Gaitore' is believed to be a colloquial mispronunciation of the Hindi phrase, 'Gaye ka Thor' which means 'resting place of departed souls'.
The renowned 'Palace of the Winds', or Hawa Mahal, is a prominent attraction in Jaipur city. Its 953 windows are laid out to resemble the structure of a honey comb and the outline depicts a crown for the Hindu Lord Krishna.
A collection of bricks to the untrained eye, Jantar Mantar is one of the most accurate clocks and celestial mapping device in the world. The sun dial and its surrounding quadrants that can tell time correct to half a second and map the location of the sun and other celestial objects.
By Air : Jaipur International Airport is situated in its satellite town of Sanganer, at a distance of 10 km from city center and offers sporadic service to major domestic and international locations.
By Rail : Jaipur is connected to Delhi and a number of towns within Rajasthan. The best known and most expensive trains serving Jaipur is the Palace on Wheels.
By Road : Jaipur is linked with all the major cities of India through the network of National Highways 8, 11 and 12 to name a few. Bus services provided by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) depart every half hour between Jaipur and New Delhi.
The climate of Jaipur is semi-arid. Temperature remains high throughout the year. The best time to visit is during the winter months between November and March.